Dr Jenny Lenkeit

Jenny Lenkeit is a Research Fellow at the Oxford University Centre for Educational Assessment.

Jenny received her PhD in Education from the University of Hamburg and a Master’s degree in Empirical Educational Research and Comparative Education from the Humboldt University of Berlin. She has worked as a postdoctoral researcher at the Research Institute of Child Development and Education at the University of Amsterdam and at NFER. Previously at OUCEA, Jenny worked on the research project Ethnicity gaps in educational attainment.

At OUCEA, Jenny’s work relates to the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) 2016 National Centre in England, which OUCEA is working on in collaboration with Pearson UK and the ‘PIRLS for Teachers‘ project funded by the ESRC Impact Acceleration Award.


Jenny’s research interests are moreover focused on the conceptual and methodological link between international large-scale assessments and educational effectiveness research, cross cultural comparisons, the impact of large scale assessments on educational policy-making, and educational inequalities.


  • Schwippert, K, Lenkeit, J (2012) Progress in Reading Literacy in National and International Context. The Impact of PIRLS 2006 in 12 Countries. Waxmann Verlag.

Book chapters

  • Lenkeit, J, Goy, M, Schwippert, K (2012) “The impact of PIRLS in Germany”, In: K Schwippert, J Lenkeit (eds.) Progress in Reading Literacy in National and International Context. The Impact of PIRLS 2006 in 12 Countries. Munster: Waxmann Verlag. 85-108

  • Heath, AF, Ermisch, J, Gallie, D (2012) Introduction.
    DOI: http://doi.org/10.5871/bacad/9780197263143.003.0001

  • Kuhl, P, Lenkeit, J, Pant, HA, Wendt, W (2011) “Die Kontextuierung von Leistungswerten bei Vergleichs- und Prüfungsarbeiten [Contextualisation of achievement scores in comparative examinations: Different ways to control for student composition in reporting results back to schools]”, In: S Müller, M Pietsch, W Bos (eds.) Schulinspektion in Deutschland eine Zwischenbilanz aus empirischer Sicht. Munster: Waxmann Verlag. 237-259

  • Liegmann, AB, Lenkeit, J, van Ackeren, I, Schwippert, K (2011) “Welche Wirkungen hat PIRLS? Eine explorativ-vergleichende Studie unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Rezeption von Befunden zu Chancengleichheit in zwölf Ländern [What is the impact of PIRLS? An explorative-comparative study considering the receptions of results on equity in 12 countries]”, In: F Dietrich, M Heinrich, N Thieme (eds.) Neue Steuerung - alte Ungleichheiten? Steuerung und Entwicklung im Bildungssystem. Munster: Waxmann Verlag. 165-176

  • Lenkeit, J, McGrane, J “England”, In: IVS Mullis, MO Martin, S Goh (eds.) PIRLS 2016 Encyclopedia: Education Policy and Curriculum in Reading. Boston: Boston College, TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center.

Journal articles

  • Hopfenbeck, TN, Lenkeit, J, El Masri, Y, Cantrell, K, Ryan, J, Baird, J-A (2018) “Lessons Learned from PISA: A Systematic Review of Peer-Reviewed Articles on the Programme for International Student Assessment”, SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH. 62(3) 333-353.
    DOI: http://doi.org/10.1080/00313831.2016.1258726

  • Lenkeit, J, Schwippert, K, Knigge, M (2018) “Configurations of multiple disparities in reading performance: longitudinal observations across France, Germany, Sweden and the United Kingdom”, Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice. 25(1) 52-86.
    DOI: http://doi.org/10.1080/0969594X.2017.1309352

  • Caro, DH, Lenkeit, J, Kyriakides, L (2016) “Teaching strategies and differential effectiveness across learning contexts: Evidence from PISA 2012”, STUDIES IN EDUCATIONAL EVALUATION. 49 30-41.
    DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.stueduc.2016.03.005

  • Lenkeit, J, Chan, J, Hopfenbeck, TN, Baird, J-A (2015) “A review of the representation of PIRLS related research in scientific journals”, EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH REVIEW. 16 102-115.
    DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.edurev.2015.10.002

  • Lenkeit, J, Caro, DH, Strand, S (2015) “Tackling the remaining attainment gap between students with and without immigrant background: an investigation into the equivalence of SES constructs”, Educational Research and Evaluation. 21(1) 60-83.
    DOI: http://doi.org/10.1080/13803611.2015.1009915

  • Lenkeit, J, Caro, DH (2014) “Performance status and change - measuring education system effectiveness with data from PISA 2000-2009”, Educational Research and Evaluation. 20(2) 146-174.
    DOI: http://doi.org/10.1080/13803611.2014.891462

  • Lenkeit, J (2013) “Effectiveness measures for cross-sectional studies: a comparison of value-added models and contextualised attainment models”, SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS AND SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT. 24(1) 39-U38.
    DOI: http://doi.org/10.1080/09243453.2012.680892

  • Lenkeit, J (2012) “How effective are educational systems? A value-added approach to study trends in PIRLS”, Journal for Educational Research Online / Journal für Bildungsforschung Online. 4(2`) 143-173.

  • Caro, DH, Lenkeit, J (2012) “An analytical approach to study educational inequalities: 10 hypothesis tests in PIRLS 2006”, International Journal of Research and Method in Education. 35(1) 3-30.
    DOI: http://doi.org/10.1080/1743727X.2012.666718

  • Caro, DH, Lenkeit, J, Lehmann, R, Schwippert, K (2009) “The role of academic achievement growth in school track recommendations”, Studies in Educational Evaluation. 35(4) 183-192.
    DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.stueduc.2009.12.002

  • Schwippert, K, Lenkeit, J (2008) “Von der Schule in den Beruf: Youth in Transition Survey – Eine kanadische Längsschnittuntersuchung [From school to vocation: Youth in transition survey – a Canadian longitudinal survey]”, Tertium Comparationis. 14(2) 154-167.

Internet publication

  • Hopfenbeck, TN, Lenkeit, J (2018) PIRLS for Teachers: Making PIRLS results more useful for practitioners. IEA.

  • Caro, DH, Lenkeit, J (2015) Which countries punch above their weight in education rankings?. The Conversation.


  • Popat, S, Lenkeit, J, Hopfenbeck, TN (2017) PIRLS for Teachers – A review of practitioner engagement with international large-scale assessment results. Oxford: Oxford University Centre for Educational Assessment.

  • Lenkeit, J (2016) Review of national reports on PIRLS. Oxford: Oxford University Centre for Educational Assessment.

  • Burge, B, Lenkeit, J (2015) Additional Analysis of Wales’ performance in PISA 2012. Slough: NFER.

  • Burge, B, Lenkeit, J (2014) PISA in Practice: Cognitive Activation in Maths. Slough: NFER.

  • Lenkeit, J, Burge, B (2014) Analysis of the PIRLS 2011 data: Save the Children evidence report. Slough: NFER.

  • Lehmann, R, Lenkeit, J (2008) ELEMENT. Erhebung zum Lese- und Mathematikverständnis – Entwicklungen in den Jahrgangsstufen 4 bis 6 in Berlin. Abschlussbericht über die Untersuchungen 2003, 2004 und 2005 an Berliner Grundschulen und grundständigen Gymnasien [ELEMENT. Survey for reading and mathematics literacy. Development in grades 4 to 6 in Berlin. Final research report on the surveys in 2003, 2004, and 2005 in primary schools and undergraduate academic tracks in Berlin].

  • McGrane, J, Stiff, J, Lenkeit, J, Hopfenbeck, TN, Baird, J Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS): National Report for England.


  • Department staff


  • OUCEA Research Fellow

Research groups


01865 274015

Publications, books and other work