Dr Lars-Erik Malmberg

Lars-Erik Malmberg started off as a primary school teacher in Finland, and is now Associate Professor of Quantitative Methods in Education, at the Department of Education, University of Oxford in the UK.

He is also Docent in Education with particular focus on quantitative methods, at Åbo Akademi University, Vasa, Finland, where he earned his Doctorate of Education. He completed his post-doc at Yale University and enjoyed the prestigious Research Councils UK (RCUK) academic fellowship 2007-12. He has around 70 publications (book chapters and peer-reviewed papers). He is associate editor of the Journal of Learning and Instruction. His current research interests are on intrapersonal approaches to learning processes and modelling of intrapersonal data. He has published on effects of education, child care and parenting on developmental and educational outcomes, and teacher development. He applies advanced quantitative models to the investigation of substantive research questions in education.

Lars-Erik Malmberg would welcome informal contacts from prospective doctoral students interested in the following topics:

  • Students’ intrapersonal (situation-specific) learning experiences
  • Quality of student-teacher interaction
  • Effects of parenting and education on children’s developmental and educational outcomes
  • Advanced quantitative models (e.g., multilevel and structural equation models)


  • Trempała, J (2002) Adolescents' future-orientation theory and research. Peter Lang Publishing.

Book chapters

  • Malmberg, LE, Nyman-Kurkiala, P, Knuts, T (2008) “Adolescents’ future goals and migration intentions: two studies of Swedish-speaking youth in Finland”, In: L Kankos, R Kauranen (eds.) Social samhörighet och religion festskrift till Susan Sundback. Åbo: Åbo Akademis förlag.

  • Malmberg, LE, Little, TD (2002) “Nuorten koulumotivaatio [Adolescents’ school motivation]”, In: Mikä Meitä Liikuttaa Modernin Motivaatiopsykologian Perusteet [What moves us. An introduction to modern psychology of motivation]. Jyväskylä: PS-kustannus. 127-144

  • Malmberg, LE (2002) “Adolescents’ biased means and future expectations”, In: J Trempala, L-E Malmberg (eds.) Adolescents' future-orientation theory and research. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing. 79-98

  • Malmberg, LE (2001) “Future-orientation in educational and interpersonal contexts”, In: J-E Nurmi (ed.) Navigating Through Adolescence European Perspectives. New York: Psychology Press.

Conference papers

  • Daub-Sychra, A, Malmberg, L-E (2011) “EPILEPSY AND THE SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT”, EPILEPSIA. 52 241-241.

  • Martin, AJ, Collie, RJ, Malmberg, L-E, Hall, J, Ginns, P “A Longitudinal Analysis of Academic Buoyancy, Achievement, and Control”, American Educational Research Association. (Chicago, IL, USA)

  • Malmberg, L, Hall, J, Martin, AJ “Academic buoyancy in secondary school: Exploring patterns of convergence in english, mathematics, science, and physical education”, American Educational Research Association. (San Francisco)

  • Martin, AJ, Ginns, P, Brackett, M, Malmberg, L-E, Hall, J “Reciprocal links between academic buoyancy and psychological risk”, American Psychological Association (APA), 121st Annual Convention. (Honolulu, USA)

Journal articles

  • Street, KES, Malmberg, LE, Stylianides, GJ (2017) “Level, strength, and facet-specific self-efficacy in mathematics test performance”, ZDM - Mathematics Education. 49(3) 379-395.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11858-017-0833-0

  • Paget, CL, Malmberg, LE, Martelli, DR (2016) “Brazilian national assessment data and educational policy: an empirical illustration”, Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice. 23(1) 98-125.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0969594X.2015.1113929

  • Martin, AJ, Papworth, B, Ginns, P, Malmberg, L-E (2016) “Motivation, Engagement, and Social Climate: An International Study of Boarding Schools”, JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY. 108(6) 772-787.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/edu0000086

  • Chiorri, C, Hall, J, Casely-Hayford, J, Malmberg, LE (2016) “Evaluating Measurement Invariance Between Parents Using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ).”, Assessment. 23(1) 63-74.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191114568301

  • Malmberg, LE, Lewis, S, West, A, Murray, E, Sylva, K, Stein, A (2016) “The influence of mothers' and fathers' sensitivity in the first year of life on children's cognitive outcomes at 18 and 36 months.”, Child: care, health and development. 42(1) 1-7.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cch.12294

  • Fackler, S, Malmberg, L-E (2016) “Teachers' self-efficacy in 14 OECD countries: Teacher, student group, school and leadership effects”, TEACHING AND TEACHER EDUCATION. 56 185-195.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2016.03.002

  • Collie, RJ, Martin, AJ, Malmberg, LE, Hall, J, Ginns, P (2015) “Academic buoyancy, student's achievement, and the linking role of control: A cross-lagged analysis of high school students.”, The British journal of educational psychology. 85(1) 113-130.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjep.12066

  • Martin, AJ, Papworth, B, Ginns, P, Malmberg, L-E, Collie, RJ, Calvo, RA (2015) “Real-time motivation and engagement during a month at school: Every moment of every day for every student matters”, LEARNING AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES. 38 26-35.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2015.01.014

  • Televantou, I, Marsh, HW, Kyriakides, L, Nagengast, B, Fletcher, J, Malmberg, L-E (2015) “Phantom effects in school composition research: consequences of failure to control biases due to measurement error in traditional multilevel models”, SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS AND SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT. 26(1) 75-101.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09243453.2013.871302

  • Malmberg, L-E, Pakarinen, E, Vasalampi, K, Nurmi, J-E (2015) “Students' school performance, task-focus, and situation-specific motivation”, LEARNING AND INSTRUCTION. 39 158-167.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2015.05.005

  • Chiorri, C, Day, T, Malmberg, LE (2014) “An approximate measurement invariance approach to within-couple relationship quality.”, Frontiers in psychology. 5 983+.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00983

  • Tesfay, N, Malmberg, LE (2014) “Horizontal inequalities in children's educational outcomes in Ethiopia”, International Journal of Educational Development. 39 110-120.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2014.08.009

  • Malmberg, L-E, Hagger, H, Webster, S (2014) “Teachers' situation-specific mastery experiences: teacher, student group and lesson effects”, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY OF EDUCATION. 29(3) 429-451.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10212-013-0206-1

  • Malmberg, L-E, Hall, J, Martin, AJ (2013) “Academic buoyancy in secondary school: Exploring patterns of convergence in English, mathematics, science, and physical education”, LEARNING AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES. 23 262-266.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2012.07.014

  • Stein, A, Malmberg, LE, Leach, P, Barnes, J, Sylva, K, Davies, B, Ereky-Stevens, K, Godlieb, J, Hague, L, Jennings, D, Nichols, M, Ram, B, Triner, A, Walker, J (2013) “The influence of different forms of early childcare on children's emotional and behavioural development at school entry”, Child: Care, Health and Development. 39(5) 676-687.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2012.01421.x

  • Malmberg, L-E, Walls, TA, Martin, AJ, Little, TD, Lim, WHT (2013) “Primary school students' learning experiences of, and self-beliefs about competence, effort, and difficulty: Random effects models”, LEARNING AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES. 28 54-65.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2013.09.007

  • Martin, AJ, Ginns, P, Brackett, MA, Malmberg, L-E, Hall, J (2013) “Academic buoyancy and psychological risk: Exploring reciprocal relationships”, LEARNING AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES. 27 128-133.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2013.06.006

  • Stein, A, Malmberg, LE, Leach, P, Barnes, J, Sylva, K (2013) “The influence of different forms of early childcare on children's emotional and behavioural development at school entry.”, Child: care, health and development. 39(5) 676-687.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2012.01421.x

  • Malmberg, LE, Woolgar, C, Martin, AJ (2013) “Quality of measurement of the learning experience questionnaire for personal digital assistants”, International Journal of Quantitative Research in Education. 1(3) 275-275.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJQRE.2013.057689

  • Eynon, R, Malmberg, LE (2012) “Understanding the online information-seeking behaviours of young people: The role of networks of support”, Journal of Computer Assisted Learning. 28(6) 514-529.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2729.2011.00460.x

  • Datler, W, Ereky-Stevens, K, Hover-Reisner, N, Malmberg, LE (2012) “Toddlers' transition to out-of-home day care: settling into a new care environment.”, Infant behavior & development. 35(3) 439-451.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2012.02.007

  • Flouri, E, Malmberg, L-E (2012) “Fathers' involvement and preschool children's behavior in stable single-mother families”, CHILDREN AND YOUTH SERVICES REVIEW. 34(7) 1237-1242.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2012.02.020

  • Eynon, R, Malmberg, L-E (2012) “Understanding the online information-seeking behaviours of young people: the role of networks of support”, JOURNAL OF COMPUTER ASSISTED LEARNING. 28(6) 514-529.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2729.2011.00460.x

  • (2012) “Father involvement, family poverty and adversity, and young children’s behaviour in intact two-parent families”, Longitudinal and Life Course Studies. 3(2)
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14301/llcs.v3i2.170

  • Flouri, E, Malmberg, LE (2012) “Fathers' involvement and preschool children's behavior in stable single-mother families”, Children and Youth Services Review. 34(7) 1237-1242.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2012.02.020

  • Malmberg, LE, Flouri, E (2011) “The comparison and interdependence of maternal and paternal influences on young children's behavior and resilience.”, Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53. 40(3) 434-444.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2011.563469

  • Flouri, E, Malmberg, LE (2011) “Gender differences in the effects of childhood psychopathology and maternal distress on mental health in adult life”, Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 46(7) 533-542.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-010-0215-1

  • Eynon, R, Malmberg, L-E (2011) “A typology of young people's Internet use: Implications for education”, COMPUTERS & EDUCATION. 56(3) 585-595.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2010.09.020

  • Sylva, K, Stein, A, Leach, P, Barnes, J, Malmberg, LE (2011) “Effects of early child-care on cognition, language, and task-related behaviours at 18 months: an English study.”, The British journal of developmental psychology. 29(Pt 1) 18-45.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/026151010x533229

  • Flouri, E, Malmberg, LE (2011) “Gender differences in the effects of childhood psychopathology and maternal distress on mental health in adult life.”, Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology. 46(7) 533-542.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-010-0215-1

  • Hagger, H, Malmberg, L-E (2011) “Pre-service teachers' goals and future-time extension, concerns, and well-being”, TEACHING AND TEACHER EDUCATION. 27(3) 598-608.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2010.10.014

  • Malmberg, L-E, Mwaura, P, Sylva, K (2011) “Effects of a preschool intervention on cognitive development among East-African preschool children A flexibly time-coded growth model”, EARLY CHILDHOOD RESEARCH QUARTERLY. 26(1) 124-133.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2010.04.003

  • Martin, AJ, Malmberg, L-E, Liem, GAD (2010) “Multilevel Motivation and Engagement: Assessing Construct Validity Across Students and Schools”, EDUCATIONAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT. 70(6) 973-989.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0013164410378089

  • Flouri, E, Malmberg, LE (2010) “Child temperament and paternal transition to non-residence.”, Infant behavior & development. 33(4) 689-694.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2010.06.001

  • Barnes, J, Leach, P, Malmberg, LE, Stein, A, Sylva, K (2010) “Experiences of childcare in England and socio-emotional development at 36 months”, Early Child Development and Care. 180(9) 1215-1229.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03004430902943959

  • Malmberg, LE, Hagger, H, Burn, K, Mutton, T, Colls, H (2010) “Observed Classroom Quality During Teacher Education and Two Years of Professional Practice”, JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY. 102(4) 916-932.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0020920

  • West, AF, Lewis, S, Ram, B, Barnes, J, Leach, P, Sylva, K, Stein, A (2009) “Why do some fathers become primary caregivers for their infants? A qualitative study.”, Child: care, health and development. 35(2) 208-216.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2008.00926.x

  • Malmberg, LE, Hagger, H (2009) “Changes in student teachers' agency beliefs during a teacher education year, and relationships with observed classroom quality, and day-to-day experiences.”, The British journal of educational psychology. 79(Pt 4) 677-694.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/000709909x454814

  • Lewis, SN, West, AF, Stein, A, Malmberg, LE, Bethell, K, Barnes, J, Sylva, K, Leach, P (2009) “A comparison of father-infant interaction between primary and non-primary care giving fathers.”, Child: care, health and development. 35(2) 199-207.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2008.00913.x

  • Malmberg, L-E (2008) “Student teachers' achievement goal orientations during teacher studies: Antecedents, correlates and outcomes”, LEARNING AND INSTRUCTION. 18(5) 438-452.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2008.06.003

  • Mwaura, PAM, Sylva, K, Malmberg, LE (2008) “Evaluating the Madrasa preschool programme in East Africa: a quasi‐experimental study”, International Journal of Early Years Education. 16(3) 237-255.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09669760802357121

  • Malmberg, L-E, Wanner, B, Little, TD (2008) “Age and school-type differences in children's beliefs about school performance”, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT. 32(6) 531-541.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0165025408095558

  • Stein, A, Malmberg, LE, Sylva, K, Barnes, J, Leach, P (2008) “The influence of maternal depression, caregiving, and socioeconomic status in the post-natal year on children's language development.”, Child: care, health and development. 34(5) 603-612.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2008.00837.x

  • Leach, P, Barnes, J, Malmberg, LE, Sylva, K, Stein, A (2008) “The quality of different types of child care at 10 and 18 months: A comparison between types and factors related to quality Penelope Leach”, Early Child Development and Care. 178(2) 177-209.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03004430600722655

  • Martin, AJ, Marsh, HW, Debus, RL, Malmberg, L-E (2008) “Performance and mastery orientation of high school and university/college students - A Rasch perspective”, EDUCATIONAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT. 68(3) 464-487.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0013164407308478

  • Malmberg, LE, Stein, A, West, A, Lewis, S, Barnes, J, Leach, P, Sylva, K (2007) “Parent-infant interaction: a growth model approach.”, Infant behavior & development. 30(4) 615-630.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2007.03.007

  • Sylva, K, Stein, A, Leach, P, Barnes, J, Malmberg, L-E, FCCC-Team (2007) “Family and child factors related to the use of non-maternal infant care: An English study”, EARLY CHILDHOOD RESEARCH QUARTERLY. 22(1) 118-136.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2006.11.003

  • Malmberg, L-E, Little, TD (2007) “Profiles of ability, effort, and difficulty: Relationships with worldviews, motivation and adjustment”, LEARNING AND INSTRUCTION. 17(6) 739-754.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2007.09.014

  • Barnes, J, Ram, B, Leach, P, Altmann, L, Sylva, K, Malmberg, L-E, Stein, A, Team, FCCC (2007) “Factors associated with negative emotional expression: a study of mothers of young infants”, JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE AND INFANT PSYCHOLOGY. 25(2) 122-138.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02646830701292399

  • Leach, P, Barnes, J, Nichols, M, Goldin, J, Stein, A, Sylva, K, Malmberg, L-E, Team, FCCC (2006) “Child care before 6 months of age: A qualitative study of mothers' decisions and feelings about employment and non-maternal care”, INFANT AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT. 15(5) 471-502.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/icd.473

  • Malmberg, LE (2006) “Goal-orientation and teacher motivation among teacher applicants and student teachers”, TEACHING AND TEACHER EDUCATION. 22(1) 58-76.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2005.07.005

  • Barnes, J, Leach, P, Sylva, K, Stein, A, Malmberg, LE (2006) “Infant care in England: Mothers' aspirations, experiences, satisfaction and caregiver relationships”, Early Child Development and Care. 176(5) 553-573.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03004430500317408

  • Malmberg, LE, Ehrman, J, Lithén, T (2005) “Adolescents' and parents' future beliefs.”, Journal of adolescence. 28(6) 709-723.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2004.12.007

  • Malmberg, LE, Wanner, B, Sumra, S, Little, TD (2001) “Action-control beliefs and school experiences of Tanzanian primary school students”, JOURNAL OF CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY. 32(5) 577-596.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022022101032005004

  • Malmberg, LE, Wanner, B, Sumra, S, Little, T (2000) “Agency-beliefs about school achievement: Tanzanian primary school students in two city schools”, Zimbabwe Journal of Educational Research. 12 126-150.

  • Malmberg, L-E, Norrgard, S (1999) “Adolescents' ideas of normative life span development and personal future goals”, Journal of Adolescence. 22(1) 33-47.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jado.1998.0199

  • Malmberg, LE, Trempała, J (1998) “Future Planning both at School and in Other Contexts: the case of Finnish and Polish general‐secondary and vocational‐school students”, Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research. 42(2) 207-226.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0031383980420207

  • Trempala, J, Malmberg, L-E (1998) “The Anticipated Transition to Adulthood: Effects of Culture and Individual Experience on Polish and Finnish Adolescents' Future Orientations”, The Journal of Psychology. 132(3) 255-266.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00223989809599165

  • Malmberg, L-E (1996) “How do Finnish students prepare for their future in three school types? The relation between content of plans, information gathering and self-evaluations”, British Journal of Educational Psychology. 66(4) 457-469.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8279.1996.tb01212.x

  • Malmberg, LE “Finnish adolescents’ future interests, worries and time extension: Effects of educational track, gender and self-evaluation”, Nordisk Pedagogik. 16 214-225.

  • Malmberg, LE, Trempala, J “Anticipated transition to adulthood: The effect of educational track, gender and self-evaluation on Finnish and Polish Adolescents’ future-orientation”, Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 26(5) 517-537.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1024577805149

  • Malmberg, LE, Lim, WHT, Tolvanen, A, Nurmi, J-E “Within-student variability in learning experiences, and teachers’ perceptions of students’ task-focus”, Frontline Learning Research.


  • Strand, S, Malmberg, L, Hall, J (2015) English as an additional language and educational achievement in England: An analysis of the National Pupil Database. London: Educational Endowment Fund.

  • Davies, C, Carter, A, Cranmer, S, Eynon, RE, Furlong, J, Good, J, Hjorth, I, Lee, S, Malmberg, L, Holmes, W (2008) The learner and their context - Interim report: Benefits of ICT use outside formal education. Interim report for Becta-funded project 'The learner and their context'.

  • Malmberg, LE, Davies, B, Walker, J, Barnes, J, Sylva, K, Stein, A, Leach, P (2005) Recruitment to and sample description of the Families, Children and Child Care (FCCC) study in relation to area characteristics (Technical Report). The Families, Children and Child Care Study.

  • Malmberg, LE, Wanner, B, Nordmyr, A-M, Little, T (2004) “The Teachers’ Control, Agency, and Means-ends Belief Questionnaire (TCAM): reliability and validity”, In: Publication No 7 (monograph). Vasa: Åbo Akademi University, Faculty of Education.

  • Malmberg, LE (2002) Vem sökte och antogs till lärarutbildningen 2001? [Who applied for and who were accepted to teacher studies in 2001?]. Vasa: Åbo Akademi University.

  • Malmberg, LE (2002) “Actions and agency in the school context”, In: Report Series at the Faculty of Education, No. 1. Vasa: Åbo Akademi University.


  • Department staff


  • Associate Professor of Education

Subject area

  • Foundations
  • Intermediate and Advanced Quantitative Methods (at the OUDE)
  • Structural Equation Modeling (Research Methods in the Social Sciences)

Research groups

  • Families, Effective Learning and Literacy (FELL)
  • Quantitative Methods Hub
  • Teacher Education and Professional Learning


Publications, books and other work