Dr Lars-Erik Malmberg

I am Associate Professor of Quantitative Methods in Education, at the Department of Education, University of Oxford in the UK.

I started off as a primary school teacher in Finland. I am Docent in Education with particular focus on quantitative methods, at Åbo Akademi University, Vasa, Finland, where I earned my Doctorate of Education. I completed my post-doc at Yale University and enjoyed the prestigious Research Councils UK (RCUK) academic fellowship 2007-12. I have more than 70 publications (peer-reviewed articles, book chapters, and reports). I am Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Learning and Instruction 2018-21. My current research interests are on intrapersonal approaches to learning processes and modelling of intrapersonal data. I have published on effects of education, child care and parenting on developmental and educational outcomes, and teacher development. I apply advanced quantitative models to the investigation of substantive research questions in education. We recently completed the ESRC-funded seminar series called “Network on Intrapersonal Research in Education”.

I would welcome informal contacts from prospective doctoral students interested in the following topics:

• Students’ intrapersonal (situation-specific) learning experiences
• Quality of student-teacher interaction
• Advanced quantitative models (e.g., multilevel and structural equation models)


  • Trempała, J (2002) Adolescents' future-orientation theory and research. Peter Lang Publishing.

Book chapters

  • Malmberg, LE, Nyman-Kurkiala, P, Knuts, T (2008) “Adolescents’ future goals and migration intentions: two studies of Swedish-speaking youth in Finland”, In: L Kankos, R Kauranen (eds.) Social samhörighet och religion festskrift till Susan Sundback. Åbo: Åbo Akademis förlag.

  • Malmberg, LE, Little, TD (2002) “Nuorten koulumotivaatio [Adolescents’ school motivation]”, In: Mikä Meitä Liikuttaa Modernin Motivaatiopsykologian Perusteet [What moves us. An introduction to modern psychology of motivation]. Jyväskylä: PS-kustannus. 127-144

  • Malmberg, LE (2002) “Adolescents’ biased means and future expectations”, In: J Trempala, L-E Malmberg (eds.) Adolescents' future-orientation theory and research. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing. 79-98

  • Malmberg, LE (2001) “Future-orientation in educational and interpersonal contexts”, In: J-E Nurmi (ed.) Navigating Through Adolescence European Perspectives. New York: Psychology Press.

Conference papers

  • Daub-Sychra, A, Malmberg, L-E (2011) “EPILEPSY AND THE SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT”, EPILEPSIA. 52 241-241.

  • Malmberg, L, Hall, J, Martin, AJ “Academic buoyancy in secondary school: Exploring patterns of convergence in english, mathematics, science, and physical education”, American Educational Research Association. (San Francisco)

  • Martin, AJ, Ginns, P, Brackett, M, Malmberg, L-E, Hall, J “Reciprocal links between academic buoyancy and psychological risk”, American Psychological Association (APA), 121st Annual Convention. (Honolulu, USA)

  • Martin, AJ, Collie, RJ, Malmberg, L-E, Hall, J, Ginns, P “A Longitudinal Analysis of Academic Buoyancy, Achievement, and Control”, American Educational Research Association. (Chicago, IL, USA)

Journal articles

  • Ortega, L, Malmberg, LE, Sammons, P (2018) “School effects on Chilean children’s achievement growth in language and mathematics: An accelerated growth curve model”, School Effectiveness and School Improvement. 1-30.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09243453.2018.1443945

  • Baron, A, Malmberg, LE (2017) “A vicious or auspicious cycle: The reciprocal relation between harsh parental discipline and children’s self-regulation”, European Journal of Developmental Psychology. 1-16.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2017.1399875

  • Street, KES, Malmberg, LE, Stylianides, GJ (2017) “Level, strength, and facet-specific self-efficacy in mathematics test performance”, ZDM - Mathematics Education. 49(3) 379-395.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11858-017-0833-0

  • Chiorri, C, Hall, J, Casely-Hayford, J, Malmberg, L-E (2016) “Evaluating Measurement Invariance Between Parents Using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ).”, Assessment. 23(1) 63-74.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191114568301

  • Martin, AJ, Papworth, B, Ginns, P, Malmberg, L-E (2016) “Motivation, Engagement, and Social Climate: An International Study of Boarding Schools”, JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY. 108(6) 772-787.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/edu0000086

  • Fackler, S, Malmberg, L-E (2016) “Teachers' self-efficacy in 14 OECD countries: Teacher, student group, school and leadership effects”, TEACHING AND TEACHER EDUCATION. 56 185-195.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2016.03.002

  • Paget, CL, Malmberg, LE, Martelli, DR (2016) “Brazilian national assessment data and educational policy: an empirical illustration”, Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice. 23(1) 98-125.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0969594X.2015.1113929

  • Malmberg, L-E, Lewis, S, West, A, Murray, E, Sylva, K, Stein, A (2016) “The influence of mothers' and fathers' sensitivity in the first year of life on children's cognitive outcomes at 18 and 36 months.”, Child: care, health and development. 42(1) 1-7.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cch.12294

  • Collie, RJ, Martin, AJ, Malmberg, L-E, Hall, J, Ginns, P (2015) “Academic buoyancy, student's achievement, and the linking role of control: A cross-lagged analysis of high school students.”, The British journal of educational psychology. 85(1) 113-130.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjep.12066

  • Malmberg, L-E, Pakarinen, E, Vasalampi, K, Nurmi, J-E (2015) “Students' school performance, task-focus, and situation-specific motivation”, LEARNING AND INSTRUCTION. 39 158-167.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2015.05.005

  • Televantou, I, Marsh, HW, Kyriakides, L, Nagengast, B, Fletcher, J, Malmberg, L-E (2015) “Phantom effects in school composition research: consequences of failure to control biases due to measurement error in traditional multilevel models”, SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS AND SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT. 26(1) 75-101.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09243453.2013.871302

  • Martin, AJ, Papworth, B, Ginns, P, Malmberg, L-E, Collie, RJ, Calvo, RA (2015) “Real-time motivation and engagement during a month at school: Every moment of every day for every student matters”, LEARNING AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES. 38 26-35.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2015.01.014

  • Tesfay, N, Malmberg, LE (2014) “Horizontal inequalities in children's educational outcomes in Ethiopia”, International Journal of Educational Development. 39 110-120.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2014.08.009

  • Malmberg, L-E, Hagger, H, Webster, S (2014) “Teachers' situation-specific mastery experiences: teacher, student group and lesson effects”, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY OF EDUCATION. 29(3) 429-451.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10212-013-0206-1

  • Chiorri, C, Day, T, Malmberg, L-E (2014) “An approximate measurement invariance approach to within-couple relationship quality.”, Frontiers in psychology. 5 983+.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00983

  • Stein, A, Malmberg, LE, Leach, P, Barnes, J, Sylva, K, Davies, B, Ereky-Stevens, K, Godlieb, J, Hague, L, Jennings, D, Nichols, M, Ram, B, Triner, A, Walker, J (2013) “The influence of different forms of early childcare on children's emotional and behavioural development at school entry”, Child: Care, Health and Development. 39(5) 676-687.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2012.01421.x

  • Malmberg, L-E, Walls, TA, Martin, AJ, Little, TD, Lim, WHT (2013) “Primary school students' learning experiences of, and self-beliefs about competence, effort, and difficulty: Random effects models”, LEARNING AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES. 28 54-65.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2013.09.007

  • Malmberg, L-E, Hall, J, Martin, AJ (2013) “Academic buoyancy in secondary school: Exploring patterns of convergence in English, mathematics, science, and physical education”, LEARNING AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES. 23 262-266.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2012.07.014

  • Martin, AJ, Ginns, P, Brackett, MA, Malmberg, L-E, Hall, J (2013) “Academic buoyancy and psychological risk: Exploring reciprocal relationships”, LEARNING AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES. 27 128-133.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2013.06.006

  • Stein, A, Malmberg, L-E, Leach, P, Barnes, J, Sylva, K (2013) “The influence of different forms of early childcare on children's emotional and behavioural development at school entry.”, Child: care, health and development. 39(5) 676-687.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2012.01421.x

  • Malmberg, LE, Woolgar, C, Martin, AJ (2013) “Quality of measurement of the learning experience questionnaire for personal digital assistants”, International Journal of Quantitative Research in Education. 1(3) 275-275.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJQRE.2013.057689

  • Flouri, E, Malmberg, LE (2012) “Fathers' involvement and preschool children's behavior in stable single-mother families”, Children and Youth Services Review. 34(7) 1237-1242.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2012.02.020

  • (2012) “Father involvement, family poverty and adversity, and young children’s behaviour in intact two-parent families”, Longitudinal and Life Course Studies. 3(2)
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14301/llcs.v3i2.170

  • Eynon, R, Malmberg, LE (2012) “Understanding the online information-seeking behaviours of young people: The role of networks of support”, Journal of Computer Assisted Learning. 28(6) 514-529.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2729.2011.00460.x

  • Flouri, E, Malmberg, L-E (2012) “Fathers' involvement and preschool children's behavior in stable single-mother families”, CHILDREN AND YOUTH SERVICES REVIEW. 34(7) 1237-1242.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2012.02.020

  • Datler, W, Ereky-Stevens, K, Hover-Reisner, N, Malmberg, L-E (2012) “Toddlers' transition to out-of-home day care: settling into a new care environment.”, Infant behavior & development. 35(3) 439-451.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2012.02.007

  • Eynon, R, Malmberg, L-E (2012) “Understanding the online information-seeking behaviours of young people: the role of networks of support”, JOURNAL OF COMPUTER ASSISTED LEARNING. 28(6) 514-529.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2729.2011.00460.x

  • Malmberg, L-E, Mwaura, P, Sylva, K (2011) “Effects of a preschool intervention on cognitive development among East-African preschool children A flexibly time-coded growth model”, EARLY CHILDHOOD RESEARCH QUARTERLY. 26(1) 124-133.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2010.04.003

  • Sylva, K, Stein, A, Leach, P, Barnes, J, Malmberg, L-E (2011) “Effects of early child-care on cognition, language, and task-related behaviours at 18 months: an English study.”, The British journal of developmental psychology. 29(Pt 1) 18-45.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/026151010x533229

  • Flouri, E, Malmberg, L-E (2011) “Gender differences in the effects of childhood psychopathology and maternal distress on mental health in adult life.”, Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology. 46(7) 533-542.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-010-0215-1

  • Hagger, H, Malmberg, L-E (2011) “Pre-service teachers' goals and future-time extension, concerns, and well-being”, TEACHING AND TEACHER EDUCATION. 27(3) 598-608.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2010.10.014

  • Eynon, R, Malmberg, L-E (2011) “A typology of young people's Internet use: Implications for education”, COMPUTERS & EDUCATION. 56(3) 585-595.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2010.09.020

  • Malmberg, L-E, Flouri, E (2011) “The comparison and interdependence of maternal and paternal influences on young children's behavior and resilience.”, Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53. 40(3) 434-444.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2011.563469

  • Flouri, E, Malmberg, LE (2011) “Gender differences in the effects of childhood psychopathology and maternal distress on mental health in adult life”, Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 46(7) 533-542.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-010-0215-1

  • Barnes, J, Leach, P, Malmberg, LE, Stein, A, Sylva, K (2010) “Experiences of childcare in England and socio-emotional development at 36 months”, Early Child Development and Care. 180(9) 1215-1229.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03004430902943959

  • Martin, AJ, Malmberg, L-E, Liem, GAD (2010) “Multilevel Motivation and Engagement: Assessing Construct Validity Across Students and Schools”, EDUCATIONAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT. 70(6) 973-989.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0013164410378089

  • Malmberg, LE, Hagger, H, Burn, K, Mutton, T, Colls, H (2010) “Observed Classroom Quality During Teacher Education and Two Years of Professional Practice”, JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY. 102(4) 916-932.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0020920

  • Flouri, E, Malmberg, L-E (2010) “Child temperament and paternal transition to non-residence.”, Infant behavior & development. 33(4) 689-694.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2010.06.001

  • Malmberg, L-E, Hagger, H (2009) “Changes in student teachers' agency beliefs during a teacher education year, and relationships with observed classroom quality, and day-to-day experiences.”, The British journal of educational psychology. 79(Pt 4) 677-694.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/000709909x454814

  • West, AF, Lewis, S, Ram, B, Barnes, J, Leach, P, Sylva, K, Stein, A (2009) “Why do some fathers become primary caregivers for their infants? A qualitative study.”, Child: care, health and development. 35(2) 208-216.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2008.00926.x

  • Lewis, SN, West, AF, Stein, A, Malmberg, L-E, Bethell, K, Barnes, J, Sylva, K, Leach, P (2009) “A comparison of father-infant interaction between primary and non-primary care giving fathers.”, Child: care, health and development. 35(2) 199-207.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2008.00913.x

  • Leach, P, Barnes, J, Malmberg, LE, Sylva, K, Stein, A (2008) “The quality of different types of child care at 10 and 18 months: A comparison between types and factors related to quality Penelope Leach”, Early Child Development and Care. 178(2) 177-209.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03004430600722655

  • Mwaura, PAM, Sylva, K, Malmberg, LE (2008) “Evaluating the Madrasa preschool programme in East Africa: a quasi‐experimental study”, International Journal of Early Years Education. 16(3) 237-255.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09669760802357121

  • Martin, AJ, Marsh, HW, Debus, RL, Malmberg, L-E (2008) “Performance and mastery orientation of high school and university/college students - A Rasch perspective”, EDUCATIONAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT. 68(3) 464-487.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0013164407308478

  • Stein, A, Malmberg, L-E, Sylva, K, Barnes, J, Leach, P (2008) “The influence of maternal depression, caregiving, and socioeconomic status in the post-natal year on children's language development.”, Child: care, health and development. 34(5) 603-612.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2008.00837.x

  • Malmberg, L-E, Wanner, B, Little, TD (2008) “Age and school-type differences in children's beliefs about school performance”, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT. 32(6) 531-541.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0165025408095558

  • Malmberg, L-E (2008) “Student teachers' achievement goal orientations during teacher studies: Antecedents, correlates and outcomes”, LEARNING AND INSTRUCTION. 18(5) 438-452.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2008.06.003

  • Malmberg, L-E, Little, TD (2007) “Profiles of ability, effort, and difficulty: Relationships with worldviews, motivation and adjustment”, LEARNING AND INSTRUCTION. 17(6) 739-754.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2007.09.014

  • Malmberg, L-E, Stein, A, West, A, Lewis, S, Barnes, J, Leach, P, Sylva, K (2007) “Parent-infant interaction: a growth model approach.”, Infant behavior & development. 30(4) 615-630.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2007.03.007

  • Sylva, K, Stein, A, Leach, P, Barnes, J, Malmberg, L-E, FCCC-Team (2007) “Family and child factors related to the use of non-maternal infant care: An English study”, EARLY CHILDHOOD RESEARCH QUARTERLY. 22(1) 118-136.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2006.11.003

  • Barnes, J, Ram, B, Leach, P, Altmann, L, Sylva, K, Malmberg, L-E, Stein, A, Team, FCCC (2007) “Factors associated with negative emotional expression: a study of mothers of young infants”, JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE AND INFANT PSYCHOLOGY. 25(2) 122-138.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02646830701292399

  • Barnes, J, Leach, P, Sylva, K, Stein, A, Malmberg, LE (2006) “Infant care in England: Mothers' aspirations, experiences, satisfaction and caregiver relationships”, Early Child Development and Care. 176(5) 553-573.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03004430500317408

  • Leach, P, Barnes, J, Nichols, M, Goldin, J, Stein, A, Sylva, K, Malmberg, L-E, Team, FCCC (2006) “Child care before 6 months of age: A qualitative study of mothers' decisions and feelings about employment and non-maternal care”, INFANT AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT. 15(5) 471-502.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/icd.473

  • Malmberg, LE (2006) “Goal-orientation and teacher motivation among teacher applicants and student teachers”, TEACHING AND TEACHER EDUCATION. 22(1) 58-76.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2005.07.005

  • Malmberg, L-E, Ehrman, J, Lithén, T (2005) “Adolescents' and parents' future beliefs.”, Journal of adolescence. 28(6) 709-723.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2004.12.007

  • Malmberg, LE, Wanner, B, Sumra, S, Little, TD (2001) “Action-control beliefs and school experiences of Tanzanian primary school students”, JOURNAL OF CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY. 32(5) 577-596.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022022101032005004

  • Malmberg, LE, Wanner, B, Sumra, S, Little, T (2000) “Agency-beliefs about school achievement: Tanzanian primary school students in two city schools”, Zimbabwe Journal of Educational Research. 12 126-150.

  • Malmberg, L-E, Norrgard, S (1999) “Adolescents' ideas of normative life span development and personal future goals”, Journal of Adolescence. 22(1) 33-47.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jado.1998.0199

  • Trempala, J, Malmberg, L-E (1998) “The Anticipated Transition to Adulthood: Effects of Culture and Individual Experience on Polish and Finnish Adolescents' Future Orientations”, The Journal of Psychology. 132(3) 255-266.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00223989809599165

  • Malmberg, LE, Trempała, J (1998) “Future Planning both at School and in Other Contexts: the case of Finnish and Polish general‐secondary and vocational‐school students”, Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research. 42(2) 207-226.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0031383980420207

  • Malmberg, L-E (1996) “How do Finnish students prepare for their future in three school types? The relation between content of plans, information gathering and self-evaluations”, British Journal of Educational Psychology. 66(4) 457-469.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8279.1996.tb01212.x

  • Malmberg, LE, Lim, WHT, Tolvanen, A, Nurmi, J-E “Within-student variability in learning experiences, and teachers’ perceptions of students’ task-focus”, Frontline Learning Research.

  • Malmberg, LE “Finnish adolescents’ future interests, worries and time extension: Effects of educational track, gender and self-evaluation”, Nordisk Pedagogik. 16 214-225.

  • Malmberg, LE, Trempala, J “Anticipated transition to adulthood: The effect of educational track, gender and self-evaluation on Finnish and Polish Adolescents’ future-orientation”, Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 26(5) 517-537.
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1024577805149


  • Strand, S, Malmberg, L, Hall, J (2015) English as an additional language and educational achievement in England: An analysis of the National Pupil Database. London: Educational Endowment Fund.

  • Davies, C, Carter, A, Cranmer, S, Eynon, RE, Furlong, J, Good, J, Hjorth, I, Lee, S, Malmberg, L, Holmes, W (2008) The learner and their context - Interim report: Benefits of ICT use outside formal education. Interim report for Becta-funded project 'The learner and their context'.

  • Malmberg, LE, Davies, B, Walker, J, Barnes, J, Sylva, K, Stein, A, Leach, P (2005) Recruitment to and sample description of the Families, Children and Child Care (FCCC) study in relation to area characteristics (Technical Report). The Families, Children and Child Care Study.

  • Malmberg, LE, Wanner, B, Nordmyr, A-M, Little, T (2004) “The Teachers’ Control, Agency, and Means-ends Belief Questionnaire (TCAM): reliability and validity”, In: Publication No 7 (monograph). Vasa: Åbo Akademi University, Faculty of Education.

  • Malmberg, LE (2002) Vem sökte och antogs till lärarutbildningen 2001? [Who applied for and who were accepted to teacher studies in 2001?]. Vasa: Åbo Akademi University.

  • Malmberg, LE (2002) “Actions and agency in the school context”, In: Report Series at the Faculty of Education, No. 1. Vasa: Åbo Akademi University.


  • Department staff


  • Associate Professor of Education

Subject area

  • Foundations
  • Intermediate and Advanced Quantitative Methods (at the OUDE)
  • Structural Equation Modeling (Research Methods in the Social Sciences)

Research groups

  • Families, Effective Learning and Literacy (FELL)
  • Quantitative Methods Hub
  • Teacher Education and Professional Learning


Publications, books and other work