Department of Education

Jo-Anne Baird

Director of the Department & Professor of Educational Assessment

College Affiliation: St Anne's College

Jo-Anne Baird is Director of the department.

Before coming to Oxford, Jo-Anne held academic posts at the Institute of Education, University of London and the University of Bristol.  Jo-Anne previously held the position of Head of Research at the Assessment and Qualifications Alliance, where she managed the research programme and was responsible for the standard-setting systems for public examinations. Her first degree and doctorate were in psychology and she has an MBA.  Her current research projects include Setting and Maintaining Standards in national examinations, Examination reform: the impact of modular and linear examinations at GCSE, Assessment for Learning in Africa (AFLA), intelligent accountability and the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study England national centre.

Her research interests are in educational assessment, including system-wide structures and processes, examination standards, marking and assessment design.  Jo-Anne conducts a lot of work with government and industry partners, including acting as the Standing Adviser to the House of Commons Education Select Committee, a member of Ofqual’s Standing Advisory Group and membership of the Welsh Government’s Curriculum and Assessment Group.  She is a member of the Editorial Board of the Oxford Review of Education journal and the International Advisory Board of Assessment in Education: principles, policy & practice.  She has been a Visiting Professor at the universities of Bergen, Queen’s (Belfast) and Umea.  From 2013 to 2015 she was President of the Association for Educational Assessment – Europe.

Funded Research Projects:

  • The impact of linear and modular examinations at GCSE (Ofqual)

  • Predictability of the Irish Leaving Certificate (State Examinations Commission, Ireland)

  • A state of the field review: assessment and learning (Norwegian Research Council Knowledge Centre for Education)

  • PIRLS National Centre for England; Department for Education

Doctoral Applications

  • Relationships between assessment and learning
  • Systemic effects in assessment
  • Tests worth teaching to
  • Assessment policy
  • Rater effects

Publications:

  • Featured Publications

    • Baird, JA, Andrich, D, Hopfenbeck, TN, Stobart, G (2017) “Metrology of education”, Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice.
      DOI: http://doi.org/10.1080/0969594X.2017.1337628

    • Baird, JA, Andrich, D, Hopfenbeck, TN, Stobart, G (2017) “Assessment and learning: fields apart?”, Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice.
      DOI: http://doi.org/10.1080/0969594X.2017.1319337

    • Baird, J-A, Caro, DH, Hopfenbeck, TN (2016) “Student perceptions of predictability of examination requirements and relationship with outcomes in high-stakes tests in Ireland”, IRISH EDUCATIONAL STUDIES.
      DOI: http://doi.org/10.1080/03323315.2016.1227719

    • Elliott, VF, Baird, J-A, Hopfenbeck, TN, Ingram, J, Thompson, I, Usher, N, Zantout, M, Richardson, J, Coleman, R (2016) A marked improvement? A review of the evidence on written marking. Education Endowment Foundation.

    • Baird, JA, Black, P (2013) “The reliability of public examinations”, Research Papers in Education.
      DOI: http://doi.org/10.1080/02671522.2012.754232

  • Books

    • Newton, P, Baird, J, Goldstein, H, Patrick, H, Tymms, P (2007) Comparability of UK public examinations. QCA book publication.

  • Book chapters

    • Baird, J, Hopfenbeck, TN (2016) “Curriculum in the Twenty-First Century and the Future of Examinations”, In: D Wyse, L Hayward, J Pandya (eds.) The SAGE Handbook of Curriculum, Pedagogy and Assessment. London: SAGE. 821-837

    • Baird, J (2010) “Country case study – England”, In: B Vlaardingerbroek, N Taylor (eds.) Secondary School External Examination Regimes: A Global Overview of a Robust Educational Phenomenon. New York: Cambria Press.

  • Journal articles

  • Internet publication

    • Baird, J (2014) Tiered GCSE papers that cap ambition should be abolished. The Conversation.

  • Reports

    • Elliott, VF, Baird, J-A, Hopfenbeck, TN, Ingram, J, Thompson, I, Usher, N, Zantout, M, Richardson, J, Coleman, R (2016) A marked improvement? A review of the evidence on written marking. Education Endowment Foundation.

    • Elwood, J, Barrance, R, Hopfenbeck, TN, Baird, J, Ryan, J, Paget, C, Brown, C, O’Boyle, A (2015) Predictability in the Irish Leaving Certificate Examination Working Paper 4: Teachers’ and Students’ Perspectives. Oxford and Belfast: University of Oxford and Queen's University, Belfast.

    • Baird, J, Hopfenbeck, TN, Elwood, J, Caro, D, Ahmed, A (2015) Predictability in the Irish Leaving Certificate. Oxford and Belfast: Oxford University and Queen's University, Belfast.

    • Baird, J, Hopfenbeck, TN, Ahmed, A, Elwood, J, Paget, C, Usher, N (2015) Predictability in the Irish Leaving Certificate Examination Working Paper 1: Review of the Literature. Oxford and Belfast: Oxford University and Queen's University Belfast.

    • Ahmed, A, Baird, J (2015) Predictability in the Irish Leaving Certificate Examination Working Paper 2: Examination Materials Research. Oxford and Belfast: Oxford University and Queen's University Belfast.

    • Baird, J, Hopfenbeck, TN, Newton, P, Stobart, G, Steen-Utheim, A (2014) “State of the Field Review: Assessment and Learning”, In: Report for the Norwegian Knowledge Centre for Education.

    • Baird, J, Hopfenbeck, T, Newton, P, Stobart, G, Steen-Utheim, A (2014) State of the field review: Assessment and Learning..

    • Baird, JA, Hayes, M, Johnson, R, Johnson, S, Lamprianou, I (2013) Marker effects and examination reliability: A comparative exploration from the perspectives of generalizability theory, Rasch modelling and multilevel modelling.

    • Baird, J-A, Ahmed, A, Hopfenbeck, T, Brown, C, Elliott, V (2013) Research evidence relating to proposals for reform of the GCSE. Oxford: Oxford University Centre for Educational Assessment.

    • Caro, DH, Baird, J-A (2013) Assessing the value of multilevel models for the study of marker reliability. Oxford: Oxford University Centre for Educational Assessment.

    • Baird, J, Pillinger, R, Steele, F (2012) “Use of the LEMMA Online Learning Materials”, In: Report prepared for the LEMMA (Learning Environment for Multilevel Modelling and Applications) node, University of Bristol.

    • Baird, J, Isaacs, T, Johnson, S, Stobart, G, Yu, G, Sprague, T, Daugherty, R (2011) “Policy Effects of PISA”, In: Report commissioned by Pearson UK.

    • Baird, J, Beguin, A, Black, P, Pollitt, A, Stanley, G (2011) “The Reliability Programme: Final Report of the Technical Advisory Group”, In: Office of the Qualifications and Examinations Regulator Report. Coventry:

    • Baird, J, Elwood, J, Duffy, G, Feiler, A, O'Boyle, A, Rose, J, Stobart, G, McWhirter, A (2011) 14-19 Centre Research Study: Educational reforms in schools and colleges in England. London: QCDA.

    • Royal-Dawson, L, Leckie, G, Baird, J (2009) An Operational Report On Item Statistics For Standardisation & Benchmarking Data – 2008 National Curriculum Tests, for National Assessment Agency.

    • Baird, J, Daly, A, Tremain, K, Meadows, M (2009) “Stretch and challenge in A-level examinations: Teachers’ views of the new assessments”, In: Qualifications and Curriculum Authority Report.

    • Baird, J, Chamberlain, S, Meadows, M, Royal-Dawson, L, Taylor, R (2009) “Students’ views of stretch and challenge in A-level examinations”, In: Qualifications and Curriculum Authority Report.

    • Baird, J, Stobart, G (2008) “Conceptualising the Single Level Tests”, In: National Assessment Agency Report.

    • Baird, J (2008) “Independent Adviser’s Report 2008. A report on the statutory assessment level setting process for the National Assessment Agency”, In: National Assessment Agency Report.

    • Baird, J, Oates, T, Patrick, H, Stobart, G, Whetton, C, Blaker, P, Sandhu, K, Watson, C, Wood, A (2008) “Single Level Tests. Interim Technical Report: December 2007 Test Session”, In: National Assessment Agency Report.

    • Leckie, G, Royal-Dawson, L, Baird, J (2008) “Changes in the severity of marking as a function of number of scripts marked: Key Stage 3 English Writing Summer 2008 quality assurance data”, In: National Assessment Agency Report.

    • Politt, A, Ahmed, A, Baird, J, Tognolini, J, Davidson, M (2008) Improving the quality of GCSE assessment. Qualifications and Curriculum Authority.

    • Newton, PE, Goldstein, H, Tymms, P, Baird, J (2007) “What has England learned from decades of monitoring the comparability of examination standards?”, In: Qualifications and Curriculum Authority Report.

    • McGrane, J, Stiff, J, Lenkeit, J, Hopfenbeck, TN, Baird, J Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS): National Report for England.

  • Other

    • Baird, J, Elwood, J, Isaacs, T (2012) Written evidence submitted to the Education Select Committee’s Inquiry into the administration of examinations for 15-19 year olds in England.

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