Department of Education

Research projects

Excluded Lives

The Political Economies of School Exclusion and their Consequences: Policy recommendations

The Covid-19 pandemic has exposed stark inequalities in our society, not least in school education. The Excluded Lives Research team give recommendations for policy makers that will support the successful reintegration of children and young people as they return to education in schools, sixth form colleges, further education colleges, special schools and pupil referral units and mitigate the risks of exclusion.

Although the Policy Conversations focus on recommendations for policy on school exclusions in England, or the United Kingdom where relevant, it is hoped that these documents will also be useful for colleagues in Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales as they shed light on specific differences in educational policy and practice across the jurisdictions. The 36 policy makers, sector bodies, third sector representatives and practitioners that took part in these conversations were drawn from 28 organisations: 8 UK wide, 12 England, 1 England/Wales, 2 Wales, 2 Scotland and 3 Northern Ireland. The cross jurisdictional make up of the discussions includes comparative perspectives that point to different cultures regarding inclusion and exclusion.

 

Read the reports and details of the conversations that led to the policy recommendations below

Getting the balance right: Policy recommendations for intervening upstream to prevent school exclusion in the context of Covid-19

Restoring the balance: Policy recommendation justifications for collective responsibility in the post Covid-19 era

Seeking a balance: Conversations with policy makers and influencers about intervening upstream to prevent school exclusions in the context of Covid-19 and beyond

Technical note

‘Policy Conversations: School Exclusions after COVID-19’ briefing paper

Between July and September 2020 national policy makers and influencers across education, health, social care and the police were invited to take part in virtual ‘Policy Conversations’ to further understand the policy implications of our initial report, School exclusion risks after COVID-19, and propose ways in which we can mitigate the potential risks of formal, informal and self-exclusion for children and young people following COVID-19. They were provided with this short briefing paper setting out the key findings from our first report and posing three questions to explore the issues.

Download the briefing paper here.

‘Policy Conversations: School Exclusions after COVID-19’ background paper 

For more information on the participants and the methodology adopted in the ‘School exclusion risks after COVID-19’ virtual sessions and the subsequent ‘Policy Conversations’ download background document here.


School Exclusion Risks After COVID-19 Report

The educational disruption caused by the Covid-19 pandemic has produced potential new and heightened risks for school exclusions. Members of the Excluded Lives Research Team talked to practitioners, policy makers and professionals in different parts of England to glean an understanding of their perceptions of the situation.

Download the report here.

Additional vignette: ‘A death in the family’ 

Following the launch of the report, the childhood bereavement charity Winston’s Wish created an additional vignette to help illustrate the forms of grief some children and young people may be experiencing because of COVID-19. We thank Winston’s Wish for their support with this piece of work.

The vignette can be found here.


Technical note

‘School exclusions risks after COVID-19’ briefing paper  

Between May and June 2020, practitioners, policy makers and professionals in different parts of England were invited to take part in virtual sessions exploring the topic of ‘School exclusion risks after COVID-19.’ They were provided with a short briefing paper prior to participating.

Download the briefing paper here

‘Policy Conversations: School Exclusions after COVID-19’ background paper 

For more information on the participants and the methodology adopted in the ‘School exclusion risks after COVID-19’ virtual sessions and the subsequent ‘Policy Conversations’ download background document here.


Excluded Lives Project

This ESRC large grant aims to advance a multi-disciplinary understanding, and home-international comparison, of the political economies of exclusion, and how more equitable outcomes can be achieved for pupils, their families, and professionals. This will ensure that the knowledge gained of the costs and consequences of exclusion is comprehensive and captures the complexity of the interactions of different incentives and actions.

The research team, headed by the Department of Education, is a collaborative effort involving co-investigators from Oxford’s Faculty of Law, Centre for Criminology and Department of Psychiatry and, more widely, the University of Edinburgh, Cardiff University, Queen’s University Belfast and London School of Economics.

This project builds on previous research funded by the John Fell Fund, specifically two grants:
Daniels, Porter and Thompson: Disparities in rates of permanent exclusion from school across the UK (£39,790)
Daniels and Thompson: An Interdisciplinary View of Permanent Disciplinary Exclusion in Oxfordshire (£39,265)

The project is predominantly UK focused though features a wide international network expanding the potential for non-UK impact and knowledge exchange.

Follow on Twitter – @excludedlives

 

External project team

Co-Investigators at the Centre for Criminology, University of Oxford:
Rachel Condry, Professor of Criminology

Co-Investigators at the Faculty of Law, University of Oxford:
Lucinda Ferguson, Associate Professor of Family Law

Co-Investigators at the Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford:
Mina Fazel, Associate Professor

Co-Investigators at Queen’s University Belfast:
Laura Lundy, Co-Director of the Centre for Children’s Rights
Tony Gallagher, Professor of Education at the School of Social Sciences, Education and Social Work
Gavin Duffy, Lecturer at the School of Social Sciences Education and Social Work
Gareth Robinson, Research Fellow at the School of Social Sciences, Education and Social Work

Co-Investigators at The University of Edinburgh:
Gillean McCluskey, Deputy Director of the Centre for Research in Education Inclusion and Diversity (CREID)
Ingrid Obsuth, Lecturer in Clinical Psychology at the School of Health in Social Science

Co-Investigators at Cardiff University:
Sally Power, Director of the Wales Institute of Social and Economic Research Data and Method (WISERD)
Chris Taylor, Co-Director of the Wales Institute of Social & Economic Research, Data & Methods (WISERD)

Co-Investigators at London School of Economics:
Eva Bonin, Assistant Professorial Research Fellow at the Care Policy and Evaluation Centre (CPEC)

Research Team

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